A Few Good Women Oral History collection

00001

Collection Overview

Title:
A Few Good Women Oral History collection
Dates (Inclusive):
1937-2017
Creator:
Franklin, Barbara Hackman
Collection Number:
00001
Size:
6.75 Linear Feet
Size:
(8 containers)
Location:
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the  library catalog.
Repository:
Special Collections Library. Pennsylvania State University.
Languages:
English

Biographical / Historical

Barbara Franklin's role in the Nixon White House from 1971 to 1973 is the keystone for advancing women into leadership positions in government. After graduation from Penn State in 1962, she became one of the first women to receive an MBA degree from the Harvard Business School in 1964. With path-breaking experiences in business, she accepted a position as Staff Assistant to President Richard M. Nixon in 1971 with the mission to recruit talented women into leadership positions in the federal government. After great success she was nominated and confirmed as Commissioner and Vice Chairman of the newly established Consumer Product Safety Commission in 1973. After six years of service, she returned to business, founding a consulting firm and becoming a director on a number of corporate boards, a senior fellow of the Wharton School of Business, and director of the Wharton Government and Business Program at the University of Pennsylvania, and at various times as a member of the President's Advisory Committee for Trade Policy Negotiations, as a U.S. delegate to the United Nations General Assembly. In 1992-1993, she served as the 29th Secretary of Commerce in the administration of President George H.W. Bush. Returning to the private sector, she served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Barbara Franklin Enterprises, a consulting and investment firm. She is the recipient of numerous awards and honorary degrees, and the Distinguished Alumni award from Penn State.

In 1994, Franklin donated her papers to the Penn State University Archives and agreed to the suggestion of University Archivist Lee Stout that an oral project be developed to record the reminiscences of the women who were recruited and trained for upper-level government positions during the administration of President Richard M. Nixon. This project marked the first systematic effort to open such positions to women. The initiative began with President Nixon's response to a reporter's question in a news conference about two weeks after his inauguration in February, 1969. Vera Glaser asked why there had been only three women among the first 200 appointments. Mr. Nixon was unaware of this but promised to correct the imbalance. The Task Force on Women's Rights and Responsibilities, chaired by Virginia Allan, former president of the National Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs had been created in 1968. All of its various recommendations were ultimately adopted by the Nixon Administration, including the creation of a White House office to recruit women into executive positions in the federal government. Barbara Hackman Franklin took that position in 1971, coming from Citibank, where she was an assistant vice president and head of the governmental relations department. A critical step in this process was the requirement that cabinet secretaries and agency heads submit Action Plans to the President, describing how they intended to place, recruit, advance and train women in their departments. One year later, the number of women in posts paying $28,000 and up (GS-16 and above) increased from 36 to 105, many in positions women had never held before. Four years later, in March 1973, there had been more than 1,000 women hired or promoted to middle management positions. Women also became forest rangers, FBI agents and sky marshals. The logjam of promotions for women in the military service was also broken. The former limit of one female colonel per service branch was put aside and women were promoted for the first time to general and admiral. Barriers against women in the foreign service were lifted. Women headed the Federal Maritime Commission, the Tariff Commission, and the Atomic Energy Commission for the first time. Numbers of women appointed to the federal judiciary increased. In 1997, an Interim Advisory Board for the project was formed, chaired by Barbara Hackman Franklin, with the objective of launching a project to collect oral history interviews and related papers from women and men involved with the advancement of women in government. Individuals were identified by the Board to be interviewed and a cooperative relationship with the Penn State University Libraries was established to house the histories for use by future scholars and historians.

Jean Rainey, a retired public relations executive who was active in women's issues during the era of the project, was the project administrator and served as interviewer. Funding for the project was raised from private corporations and individuals interested in supporting the project as well as specific outcomes.

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Scope and Contents

These oral history interviews and related papers are the product of the A Few Good Women: Advancing the cause for Women in Government, 1969-1974 oral history project initiated by the Honorable Barbara Hackman Franklin in 1995. The collection consists primarily of oral history recordings, interview transcripts, project documention, photographs, and related papers donated by the interviewees documenting high-ranking women working in the Nixon administration.

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research. Access restrictions are noted at the file level.

Conditions Governing Use

Select oral histories in this collection may be accessed, but may not be quoted due to donor imposed restrictions. The following oral histories in this collection may not be quoted until the death of the interviewee: Judy Cole, Vera Hirschberg, Ann Korologos, Susan Porter Rose, and Georgiana Sheldon Sharp. The following oral histories in this collection may not be quoted: Virginia Allan, Charles L. Clapp, and Margaret Gaynor.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], A Few Good Women Oral History collection, 00001, Eberly Family Special Collections Library, Pennsylvania State University

Processing Information

Special Collections staff originally processed this collection in 2001, and a copy of the original finding aid is located in the control folder. The collection was originally arranged into four groupings: Oral History Interviews, Contributed Papers and Documents, Photographs, and Audio Tapes. At some point the original order was disassembled and the collection was reorganized into four series: Oral History Project Documents, "Participant Recordings and Related Materials," Photographs, and Related Archival Materials. Special Collections staff reviewed the collection in Fall 2017 for a possible digital project and found it in disarray. Most original audio recordings were missing and all known surrogates were gathered. Special Collections staff completed a file by file review to get an exact inventory of the collection, and many non-archival materials (e.g. exhibit posters) were removed from the collection. Special Collections staff found folders contained multiple copies of transcripts, as well as release forms and other project documents that needed to be transferred to a control folder. Paul Karwacki found the missing audio recordings in a staff office and staff reintegrated the recordings into the collection. Lexy deGraffenreid reprocessed this collection in May 2019, rearranging it into two series, processing new accessions, updating restrictions, removing control folder material and duplicate transcriptions, verifying A/V material, and updating the finding aid. Audio recording titles in the inventory are chiefly transcribed from labels accompanying the CD/DVD.

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Related Materials

Related Materials

Barbara Hackman Franklin papers (Penn State University, Special Collections Library)

Esther Lawton papers (Penn State University, Special Collections Library)

Virginia R. Allan Papers (Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan)

Catherine May Bedell Manuscripts (Washington State University)

Papers of Catherine Shipe East (Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard Library)

Register of the Frederic V. Malek papers (Hoover Institution Archives, Stanford University)

Nancy Harvey Steorts papers (Clemson University Libraries, Clemson University)

Margita E. White papers (Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library & Museum)

Papers of Marina von Neumann Whitman (Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard Library)

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)

  • Anderson, Stanton D.
  • Armstrong, Anne Legendre
  • Bedell, Catherine May, 1914-2004
  • Bentley, Helen Delich
  • Clapp, Charles L.
  • Cunningham, Evelyn, 1916-2010
  • Davis, Ruth Margaret, 1928-
  • Dole, Elizabeth Hanford
  • Eisenhower, Julie Nixon
  • Franklin, Barbara Hackman
  • Hall, Cynthia Holcomb, 1929-2011
  • Hills, Carla Anderson, 1934-
  • Holm, Jeanne, 1921-2010
  • James, E. Pendleton, 1929-
  • Jones, Jerry H. (Jerry Holton), 1939-
  • Kilberg, Barbara G. (Barbara Greene), 1944-
  • Knauer, Virginia H.
  • Kingsley, Daniel T.
  • Laird, Melvin R.
  • Lawton, Esther C. (Esther Christian)
  • Malek, Frederic V.
  • Murphy, Betty Southard
  • Newman, Constance Berry, 1935-
  • Rose, Susan Porter, 1941-
  • Walker, Charls E. (Charls Edward), 1923-2015
  • White, Margita Eklund, 1937-
  • Whitman, Marina von Neumann
  • Allan, Virginia
  • Athanasakos, Elizabeth
  • Cole, Judy
  • Banuelos, Romana
  • Gaynor, Margaret
  • Glaser, Vera
  • Hauser, Rita
  • Herringer, Frank
  • Hirschberg, Vera
  • Hitt, Patricia Reilly
  • Hutar, Patricia
  • Kaupinen, Allan G.
  • Korologos, Ann M.
  • Marshall, Carol Mayer
  • Payton, Sallyanne
  • Sharp, Georgiana Sheldon
  • Stuart, Constance Cornell
  • Steorts, Nancy Harvey, 1936-
  • Sturtevant, Brereton
  • Tennant, Paula Adams
  • Toote, Gloria
  • Uccello, Ann, 1922-

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Collection Inventory

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Scope and Contents

The Participant Recordings and Related Materials series, 1938-2013 (6.75 linear feet), documents the project's oral histories and includes supporting biographical information about participants. This series is arranged by interviewee. Oral history materials include audio recordings, lists of questions, and transcripts. Supporting biographical material includes biographies, clippings, correspondence, curriculum vitae, photographs, reports and speeches. This series documents several prominent women, including Representative Helen Delich Bentley, Senator Elizabeth Dole, Julie Nixon Eisenhower, and Barbara Hackman Franklin.

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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted

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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted

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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted

Controlled Access Headings

Subject(s)

  • CD
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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted

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  • CD
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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted

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  • CD
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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted

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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted

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  • CD
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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted

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  • CD
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Conditions Governing Access

Access restricted by donor. Access restricted until death of donor

Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Use restricted until death of donor

5

Conditions Governing Access

Access restricted by donor. Access restricted until death of donor

Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Use restricted until death of donor

Controlled Access Headings

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Conditions Governing Access

Access restricted by donor

Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor

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Conditions Governing Access

Access restricted by donor

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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted until death of donor

1

Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted until death of donor

Controlled Access Headings

Subject(s)

  • CD
4

Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted until death of donor

Controlled Access Headings

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  • Audio cassette
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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted until death of donor

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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted until death of donor

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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted until death of donor

Controlled Access Headings

Subject(s)

  • CD
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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted until death of donor

Controlled Access Headings

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  • CD
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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted until death of donor

Controlled Access Headings

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  • CD
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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted until death of donor

Controlled Access Headings

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  • CD
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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted until death of donor

Controlled Access Headings

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  • CD
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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted until death of donor

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  • Audio cassette
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Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted until death of donor

3

Controlled Access Headings

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  • Audio cassette
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3

Controlled Access Headings

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  • Audio cassette
6

Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Oral history cannot be quoted until death of donor

Controlled Access Headings

Subject(s)

  • CD
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3

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  • CD
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Conditions Governing Access

Access restricted by donor. Includes restricted transcription

General

This CD has 24 Interview Transcripts, all on Word Documents. Includes Athanasakos, Banuelos, Cole, Davis, Dole, Herringer, Hills, Hirschberg, Kaupinen, Kilberg, Kingsley, Korologos, Laird, Marshall, Murphy, Newman, Payton, Rose, Sharp, Stuart, Sturtevant, Toote, Walker, Whitman

Conditions Governing Use

Use restricted by donor. Includes restricted transcriptions

Controlled Access Headings

Subject(s)

  • CD-ROM
7

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Scope and Contents

The Project Documentation series, 1937-2017 (0.75 linear feet), documents the administration of the oral history project, including meetings, funding, and outreach. This series also documents the project's research materials into the Nixon administration's efforts to increase the representation of women working in government. This series is arranged in its original order by accession. Materials include board meeting minutes, brochures, clippings, correspondence, project proposals, and video recordings.

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General

Includes oral history recording on CD

3

Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • DVD
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Controlled Access Headings

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  • DVD
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  • DVD
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