Evan Pugh papers, 1822-1864

PSUA 1261

Collection Overview

Title:
Evan Pugh papers
Dates (Inclusive):
1822-1864
Creator:
Pugh, Evan, 1828-1864.
Abstract:
Evan Pugh was professor of chemistry, scientific and practical agriculture, mineralogy, and analytical mechanics, as well as the first president of Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania from 1859 to 1864. Pugh assumed his duties on October 16, 1859, at the age of 31 and died in 1864 after a short illness.
Abstract:
The collection of papers from the first president of the founding institution of Pennsylvania State University, Evan Pugh, includes his articles, correspondence, diaries, family genealogy, publications, clippings and press releases, scrapbook, addresses, and notebooks.
Collection Number:
PSUA 1261
Size:
9 Cubic Feet
Location:
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the  library catalog.
Repository:
Special Collections Library. Pennsylvania State University.
Languages:
English

Biographical Note

Pugh was the son of a Chester County, Pennsylvania, Welsh-Quaker farmer-blacksmith, who died when the boy was 12. He learned blacksmithing, conducted an academy, and used his inheritance to go to Europe at the age of 25. At Leipzig, where he studied chemistry, mineralogy, crystallography, and physical geography, he began a lifelong friendship with Samuel W. Johnson, who shared his interest in experimenting with scientific agricultural education in the United States after seeing it in successful operation in Europe. Pugh went on to Gottingen, earning his Ph.D. in chemistry in 1856; studied at Bunsen's Heidelberg laboratory and in France; and then began research at the Rothamsted Experiment Station of Sir John Lawes in England. His work on the assimilation of nitrogen by plants won him international recognition and membership in the London Chemical Society. Johnson had returned to an agricultural chemistry professorship at Yale and later became the leader in the establishment of American agricultural experiment stations. Through him the trustees of the Farmers' High School approached Pugh about the presidency, which he accepted in 1859. While he was still in Europe, the trustees authorized him to purchase laboratory equipment; contributing $500 from his salary, he purchase $1,500 worth of chemistry equipment for the lab he designed and conducted in Old Main. He assumed his duties at Farmers' High School on 26 October 1859, at the age of 31. Facing tremendous challenges, he successfully opened the school positioning it to be designated the state's sole land grant university under the Morrill Act of 1862. He married Rebecca Valentine of the nearby town of Bellefonte in 1864 and died after an accident the same year.

Return to Table of Contents


Collection Overview

The collection consists of correspondence, diaries, journals, a handwritten copy of Pugh's family genealogy, articles written by Evan Pugh for newspapers, and notebooks relating to his youth, scholarly research on nitrogen and fertilizers, and travels in Europe. There is a handwritten copy of his doctoral dissertation from Georgia Augusta University in Gottingen, Germany. Also, included are lecture notes, addresses, student exams, and papers. The bulk of the correspondence relates to day-to-day business of the school's operations during his tenure as first president of the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania, which was renamed the Agriculture College of Pennsylvania in 1862. A few letters discuss the Civil War. Significant correspondents include Samuel Johnson, George C. Caldwell, Hugh N. McAllister, Isaac Newton, A.O. Hiester, and William G. Waring. Pugh's membership certificates for the American Philosophical Society, London Chemical Society, and Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture are included.

Return to Table of Contents


Collection Arrangement

Collection is primarily organized into three series: Youth; European Period; Farmers' High School/Agricultural College; Commemorative and Biographical.

Return to Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Copyright Notice

Copyright is retained by the creators of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Evan Pugh papers, PSUA 1261, Special Collections Library, Pennsylvania State University.

Processing Information

Processed by Special Collections staff.

Return to Table of Contents


Collection Inventory

Click associated checkboxes to select items to request. When you have finished, click the Submit Request button.

BoxFolder

1 1

1 2

1 3

1 4

1 5

Return to Table of Contents


BoxFolder

1 6

1 7

1 8

1 9

1 10

1 11

1 12

1 13

1 14

1 15

1 16

1 17

1 18

2 1

2 2

2 3

2 4

2 5

2 6

2 7

2 8

2 9

2 10

2 11

2 12

2 13

2 14

2 15

2 16

3 1

3 2

3 3

3 4

3 5

3 6

3 7

3 8

3 9

Return to Table of Contents


BoxFolder

3 10

3 11

3 12

3 13

3 14

3 15

3 16

3 17

3 18

3 19

3 20

3 21

3 22

3 23

3 24

4 1

4 2

4 3

4 4

4 5

4 6

4 7

4 8

4 9

4 10

4 11

4 12

4 13

4 14

4 15

4 16

4 17

4 18

4 19

4 20

4 21

4 22

4 23

4 24

4 25

4 26

4 27

4 28

4 29

4 30

4 31

4 32

4 33

4 34

4 35

4 36

4 37

4 38

4 39

4 40

4 41

4 42

4 43

4 44

5 1

5 2

5 3

5 4

5 5

5 6

5 7

5 8

5 9

5 10

5 11

5 12

5 13

5 14

5 15

5 16

5 17

5 18

5 19

5 20

5 21

5 22

5 23

5 24

5 25

5 26

5 27

5 28

5 29

5 30

5 31

5 32

5 33

5 34

5 35

5 36

5 37

5 38

5 39

5 40

5 41

5 42

5 43

5 44

5 45

5 46

5 47

5 48

5 49

5 50

5 51

5 52

5 53

5 54

6 1

6 1

6 2

6 2

6 3

6 3

6 4

6 4

6 5

6 5

6 6

6 6

6 7

6 7

6 8

6 8

6 9

6 9

6 10

6 10

6 11

6 11

6 12

6 12

6 13

6 14

Return to Table of Contents


BoxFolder

7 1

7 2

7 3

7 4

7 5

7 6

7 7

7 8

7 9

7 10

7 11

7 12

8 1

Return to Table of Contents