Clearfield Bituminous Coal Corporation land tract records and property maps, circa 1885-2009

1493

Collection Overview

Title:
Clearfield Bituminous Coal Corporation land tract records and property maps
Dates (Inclusive):
1885-2009
Creator:
Clearfield Bituminous Coal Corporation
Collection Number:
1493
Size:
52 rolled maps
Size:
.08 Linear Feet
Location:
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the  library catalog.
Repository:
Special Collections Library. Pennsylvania State University.
Languages:
English

Biographical / Historical

The Clearfield Bituminous Coal (CBC) Company was chartered by Pennsylvania Governor Henry M. Hoyt on 27 December 1882. It purchased coal land in Clearfield County and Centre County, and constructed the Beech Creek Railroad Company. In 1886 it reorganized as the Clearfield Bituminous Coal Corporation. After 1898, the CBC produced captive tonnage, that is, coal not for public usage but to be used solely as locomotive fuel for the New York Central Railroad. In the early twentieth century the corporation acquired land in Cambria, Indiana, and Blair counties, and by 1919 its mines in Indiana County produced three-fourths of the corporation's coal. The coal mining town of Rossiter, Pennsylvania, founded in Indiana County in 1901, was named for the chief stockholder in the corporation, William Rossiter. In early 1920, the company's main office relocated from Clearfield to Indiana County and the new model town of Commodore, complete with quiet community living, electricity, and running water, was created. By 1923, the three mines at Commodore employed 281 men and produced 339 tons of coal for the New York Central. By the late 1920s, labor-management problems developed. In 1927, the company's facility at Rossiter drew notice when 800 of its miners joined striking miners in western Pennsylvania. Indiana County Judge Jonathan Langham forbade marching, picketing, public assembly, and distribution of union funds to assist striking miners. Coal and Iron police and strikebreakers were brought to Commodore and destroyed the union at CBC. A new union was created in 1932.In 1942 the New York Central Railroad Company acquired the CBC mines and plants, while the CBC maintained extensive property. After World War II, railroads no longer utilized coal. In 1950, 132,000 tons of coal were mined by CBC. That figure plummeted to 67,000 in 1951, and 2,000 men were laid off in August of that year. CBC abandoned the mines in 1953.

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Scope and Contents

This collection consists primarily of rolled sheet maps of land, underground coal workings, mine shafts, and towns owned and operated by the Clearfield Bituminous Coal Corporation in central Pennsylvania. Among the cartographic materials, there are digital access copies of the Heilwood and Upper Freeport coal seam rolled maps; and a late nineteenth-century map of surveyed routes of the Beech Creek, Clearfield and Southwestern Railroad, which was run by the corporation. Photographs document buildings, coal mining facilities, and work scenes in the company town at Rossiter, Pennsylvania. There are also photocopies of land tract records for Barr, Gazzam, and Heilwood, Pennsylvania. In addition to the aforementioned towns, Amsbry, Ansonville, Clymer, Cresson, Dixonville, and Gallitzin are among the Pennsylvania locales represented on maps in this collection.

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Administrative Information

Access Restricitions

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright is retained by the creators of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Clearfield Bituminous Coal Corporation land tract records and property maps, HCLA 1493, Special Collections Library, Pennsylvania State University.

Processing Information

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Related Materials

Separated Materials

Two items were removed from the collection. A book published by the company titled Forestry and Coal Mining (1930) was transferred to the Special Collections Library manuscript holdings. A blueprint map of the town of Rossiter (Pa.), its environs, and its mining operations, was transferred to the Pennsylvania Historical Map Collection (HCLA 1707).

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Clearfield Bituminous Coal Corporation

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Collection Inventory

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