Guide to the Italian Communist Party Collection, 1969-1971

1613

Collection Overview

Title:
Italian Communist Party collection
Dates (Inclusive):
1969-1971
Creator:
Partito comunista italiano
Abstract:
The Partito Comunista Italiano (PCI) was formed in 1921 and re-emerged in 1944. In the 1960s, party leader and activist Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937), lead a resurgence of the party with a policy of "political influence via culture." Luciano Gruppi, a militant student of Marxism, authored several books on the history of communism and socialism.
Abstract:
The Italian Communist Party (PCI) Collection consists of pamphlets, leaflets, and legislative proposals from 1969 to 1971. The collection also contains a taped interview, in Italian, with Luciano Gruppi, on the subject of culture.
Collection Number:
1613
Size:
0.2 Cubic feet
Location:
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Special Collections Library  library catalog.
Repository:
Special Collections Library. Pennsylvania State University.
Languages:
Italian

Biographical Note

The Partito Comunista Italiano (PCI) was formed by the secession of Leninist Comunisti Puri from the Italian Socialist Party in 1921 at Livorno. Outlawed by the Fascist government of Benito Mussolini in 1926, the party continued underground and in exile, re-emerging in 1944 as the Italian Communist Party.

The 1960s saw an emergence of a "political influence via culture" policy within the party, an attempt by Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937), the Italian socialist, political theorist, and activist, to propose a "war of position" rather than one of "movement." By spreading communist ideas throughout the population, the party intended to create a breakdown of political institutions and establish influence in intellectual and cultural spheres (as discussed in the collection papers and audio). From late 1968 until the end of 1969, a rash of industrial conflicts flourished in Italy reaching a peak in the "Hot Autumn," a season of one of the largest strike movements in 20th century Europe. Turin, Italy's most important factory town, saw its PCI membership rise from 1000 in 1969 to 3900 in 1973 and 6300 in 1976.

In the 1970s the PCI attempted to re-assert itself among the working class after its protest cycle of the late 1960s and began to disengage from Soviet domination and gravitate toward a western democratic Eurocommunism. The Italian Communist Party crept further to the right in the 1980s, approaching Democratic Socialism and joined the membership of the Socialist International in 1991. By 1988, communism represented only 30% of the population of Italy. Luciano Gruppi, a militant student of Marxism, authored several books on the history of communism and socialism including titles about political theorist Gramsci and socialist Palmiro Togliatti. He died in 2003.

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Collection Overview

The Italian Communist Party (PCI) Collection consists of pamphlets, leaflets, and legislative proposals from 1969 to 1971. The collection also contains a taped interview with Italian author and politician Luciano Gruppi on the subject of culture (in Italian).

The leaflets and pamphlets include a 29-page analysis of higher middle school education and an outline for a political and legislative proposal of the party, an 8-page scholastic building and planning paper, an 8-page document on the development of a militant movement for school reform, a 1971 document concerning the educational segment of the Italian Communist Party, and 1970 notes on the problems of educational unionism. The six legislative proposals (1970s) concern reform of the secondary high school and university structure, promotion of cinematography and its cultural development and restructuring of vocal and symphonic and other musical organizations.

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is available for research

Copyright Notice

Copyright is retained by the creators of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Italian Communist Party Collection (1613), Historical Collections and Labor Archives, Special Collections Library, Pennsylvania State University.

Processing Information

Processed by Special Collections staff.

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Audio

Personal Name(s)

  • Partito comunista italiano

Subject(s)

  • Communism -- Socialism -- Italy -- Oral History

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Collection Inventory

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BoxFolder

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1 1

General note

Communism

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1 2

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1 3

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1 4

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