Vivian Virtue papers, 1932-2000

2587

Collection Overview

Title:
Vivian Virtue papers
Dates (Inclusive):
1932-2000
Creator:
Virtue, Vivian
Abstract:
Vivian Lancaster Virtue was a poet, translator, and broadcaster. He was born in Kingston, Jamaica on 13 November 1911, and died in London, England, in 1998.
Abstract:
The collection includes correspondence (1932-1992), original works, publications, translations, broadcasts, newspaper clippings, research, and photographs.
Collection Number:
2587
Size:
3 Cubic feet
Location:
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the  library catalog.
Repository:
Special Collections Library. Pennsylvania State University.
Languages:
English

Biographical or Historical Note

Vivian Lancaster Virtue was a poet, translator, and broadcaster. He was born in Kingston, Jamaica on 13 November 1911, and died in London, England, in 1998. Upon completing his education, he became employed as a clerk in the Department of Public Works. He was the assistant secretary and librarian of the Poetry League of Jamaica and was later elected vice-president. Virtue was also a founder member and later vice-president of the Jamaican Center of the International PEN Club and a member of the Royal Society of Literature (Great Britain).

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Collection Overview

The collection includes correspondence (1932-1992), original works, publications, translations, broadcasts, newspaper clippings, research, and photographs. Prominent correspondents include Harlem Renaissance poets Claude McKay and Langston Hughes, Arthur Guiterman (playwright, poet), Edna Manley (sculptor), John Hearne (composer), Michael Anthony (novelist), Virtue's family, and many others. Original works include verse written in the more traditional forms described as Parnassian, such as the sonnet, the villanelle, and the rondeau. The bulk of the original poems series consists of each poem in various stages of completion with both holograph and fair copies of each poem. Translations include works in the French and Spanish by Jose-Maria de Heredia, Charles Baudelaire, Luc Grimard, Jose Santos Chocano, and others. Many of the translations contain both holograph and final drafts of each poem. Broadcasts for the BBC consist of scripts on Marcus Garvey, William Wordsworth, the history of the British West Indies, and commentary on Virtue's own poetic process. Also included in the collection are address books, diaries only partially filled in, and biographical sketches and reviews on Virtue's volume of poetry, Wings of the morning.

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Collection Arrangement

Organized into three series: personal, research, and writing. Arranged alphabetically, thereunder chronologically.

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Copyright Notice

Copyright is retained by the creators of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Vivian Virtue papers, RBM 2587, Special Collections Library, Pennsylvania State University.

Processing Information

Processed by Special Collections staff.

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Photographic

Personal Name(s)

  • Virtue, Vivian

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Collection Inventory

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Box

General note

Partially filled with miscellanous notes

1/1

Box

General note

Includes biographies on Wycliffe Bennett, H.C. Bennett, Clinton V. Black, Robert Alexander Burrell, Rudolph Dunbar, Marcus Garvey, Joseph Jones, H. Adelbert Hamilton, Cedric Lindo, J.E. Clare McFarlane, Ronald Moody, G. Pottinger, Walter Adolphe Roberts

1/2

1/3

Box

General note

Michael Anthony, Jamaican novelist; Clinton Black, historian

1/9

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letters include mother and siblings; Arthur Guiterman, writer; Langston Hughes (mostly postcards)

1/10

General note

C.K. Nelson, author; Sir Sidney Baron Olivier, former Jamaican governor and author

1/11

General note

W. Adolphe Roberts, Jamaican novelist; Osmond Watson, Jamaican painter and sculptor

1/12

General note

includes many letters from friends (most Jamaican artists or authors) congratulating Virtue on publication of WINGS OF THE MORNING and on Silver Musgrave medal

1/13

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letters discuss possible publication of his translations

1/14

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includes her own poetry and correspondence with the McLeods

1/15

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letters mention Vivian's trunk of literary papers, which he bestowed to McLeod

1/16

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thank you letters, submissions to magazines

1/17

Box

General note

partially filled with daily activities

1/4

Box

General note

miscellanous receipts including banking and hotel

1/5

Box

General note

copy of Virtue's brother's death certificate and copy of marriage license

1/6

Box

General note

clippings relate to Virtue's two awards, life in Jamaica, and the 1980 election for prime minister

1/18

Box

1/7

Box

General note

includes souvenir guides, organizational news bulletins, exhibit schedules, church pamphlets, and church newsletters

1/8

Box

General note

family photographs

1/19

Box

1/20

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Box

General note

notes relate to corrections, background material on various authors, like Keats and Shakespeare, lists of "things to do and read," and topic ideas for poems

1/21

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Box

General note

various scripts on topics such as Marcus Garvey, William Wordsworth, and history of the British West Indies

1/22

Box

1/23

1/24

General note

written to commemorate Virgil's 2000th anniversary

1/25

1/26

1/27

1/28

1/29

General note

includes two journals, one handwritten, the other typed

1/30

General note

final versions, mostly handwritten

1/31

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four poems had previously been published

2/1

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handwritten on green and white scraps of notebook paper

2/2

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includes three journals, handwritten

2/3

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includes five journals with both handwritten and typed entries

2/4

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two journals partially completed with handwritten drafts

2/5

General note

published in parish magazine, THE TREE OF LIFE, includes drafts for introduction and part one of installment

2/6

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published in parish magazine, THE TREE OF LIFE, includes drafts for part two of installment

2/7

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published in parish magazine, THE TREE OF LIFE, includes drafts for part three of installment

2/8

General note

part of the United Kingdom African Festival of Culture, includes approximately nine original poems

2/9

General note

published in Alan McLeod's WINGS OF THE EVENING

2/10

General note

published in Alan McLeod's WINGS OF THE EVENING

2/11

General note

includes two of Virtue's poems

2/12

General note

copy of the poems read at the Commonwealth Arts Festival, Virtue's poem is not present

2/13

General note

copies of 27 poems, publications include FOCUS (1960), POETRY REVIEW (1951), THE SUNDAY GLEANER (1972), and many others

2/14

General note

published in Alan McLeod's WINGS OF THE EVENING, consists of sonnets translated in French and Spanish

2/15

General note

published in Alan McLeod's WINGS OF THE EVENING

2/16

General note

published in Alan McLeod's WINGS OF THE EVENING

2/17

General note

published in Alan McLeod's WINGS OF THE EVENING

2/18

General note

includes two of Virtue's poems, "Fugitive" and "Villanelle of Peace"

2/19

General note

published in Alan McLeod's WINGS OF THE EVENING

2/20

General note

Virtue's copy with five of his own poems in it

2/21

General note

minimal corrections, consists of 47 poems

2/22

General note

missing pages 40-49

2/23

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dedicated to Rupert Burrell, signed 1960

2/24

General note

list of newspaper appreciations and reviews in author's writing, review by W. Adolphe Roberts

2/25

General note

includes twelve of Virtue's poems, "The Web," "River and Sea," "Nocturne," and others

3/1

General note

words by Virtue, music by Granville Campbell

3/2

General note

includes four poems, "Landscape Near Amiens," "Milan Cathedral," "Paris: Summer, 1951," and "Venice"

3/3

General note

includes 21 poems

3/4

Box

General note

the last two lines are handwritten

3/5

Box

General note

consists of one poem, "Poem From Exile"

3/6

General note

consists of one poem, "The Death of Autumn"

3/7

General note

includes five poems; "An Apparition," "De Profundis Clamavi," "Exotic Perfume," "To a Creole Lady," and "Sed Non Satiata"

3/8

General note

includes one poem, "The Slave's Dream"

3/9

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includes one poem, "A Temple to Poseidon"

3/10

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consists of one poem, "The Gipsy Girl"

3/11

General note

consists of one poem, "Greeting the Third World"

3/12

General note

consists of one poem, "Carthage of the Indies"

3/13

General note

consists of two poems, "A Sonnet to Cervantes" and "The Shell"

3/14

General note

includes one poem, "The Example"

3/15

General note

includes one poem, "Viatique"

3/16

General note

includes two poems, "Happy the Man" and "Return of the Native"

3/17

General note

includes one poem, "The Last Leaf"

3/18

General note

includes one poem, "To a Dancer"

3/19

General note

consists of one poem, "That Elusive Swan"

3/20

General note

consists of one poem, "Bird of Mystery"

3/21

General note

original manuscript of "A Hundred Trophies" with 2000-word introduction, tried to have this work published numerous times, organized into five groups: 'Greece and Sicily,' 'Rome and the Barbarians,' The Middle Ages and the Renaissance,' 'The Orient and the Tropics,' and 'Nature and Dreams.'

3/22

General note

duplicate copy of "A Hundred Trophies" with copy of introduction

3/23

General note

another copy of "A Hundred Trophies" with cover in author's handwriting

3/24

General note

A-E worksheets of "A Hundred Trophies"

3/25

General note

F-P worksheets of "A Hundred Trophies"

3/26

General note

R-Y worksheets of "A Hundred Trophies"

3/27

General note

notes and notebooks regarding "A Hundred Trophies"

3/28

General note

includes one poem, "I, Like the Bull"

3/29

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includes two poems, "The Poet To His Muse" and "To L'Euconoe"

3/30

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includes one poem, "Fiat Nox"

3/31

General note

includes one poem, "Nox Est Perpetua"

3/32

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includes one poem, "The Conquistadors"

3/33

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consists of one poem, "Neither a Borrower Nor a Lender Be"

3/34

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consists of one poem, "The Sirens"

3/35

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consists of one poem, "Landscape"

3/36

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includes one poem, "The Bells"

3/37

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includes one poem, "The Cock"

3/38

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includes one poem, "Exile"

3/39

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includes one poem, "A Haitian Peasant Declares His Love"

3/40

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includes three poems, "All Day Long," "I Am Alone," and "Negro Mask"

3/41

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includes one poem, "The Mangoes"

3/42

General note

consists of two poems, "Testament of Fire" and "Epilogue"

3/43

General note

consists of one poem, "Autumn Song"

3/44

General note

consists of one poem, "Ballade"

3/45

General note

consists of one poem, "Mandarins"

3/46

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