Milton S. Eisenhower Papers, 1943-1985

265

Collection Overview

Title:
Milton S. Eisenhower papers
Dates (Inclusive):
1943-1985
Creator:
Eisenhower, Milton Stover
Abstract:
Milton Stover Eisenhower (1899-1985) served as the president of Kansas State University (1943-1950), Pennsylvania State University (1950-1956), and Johns Hopkins University (1956-1967). This collection documents Milton S. Eisenhower's tenure as Pennsylvania State University president from 1950 to 1956. Materials include papers, addresses, correspondences, newspaper clippings, 2 scrapbooks (including Atoms For Peace), 3 reels of microfilm, and awards.
Collection Number:
265
Size:
3 Cubic feet
Size:
5 items
Location:
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the  library catalog.
Repository:
Special Collections Library. Pennsylvania State University.
Languages:
English

Biographical Note

Milton Stover Eisenhower was born in 1899 in Abilene, Kansas, the son of local creamery worker David Eisenhower and Ida Stover. His older brother, Dwight D. Eisenhower, became U.S. President (1952-1960). Milton Eisenhower graduated from Kansas State College in 1923 with a B.S. in industrial journalism before serving as the American vice-consul in Edinburgh, Scotland, from 1924 to 1926.In 1926, he entered the Department of Agriculture as an administrative assistant and became its director of information. In 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt appointed Milton Eisenhower to establish and facilitate the War Relocation Authority whose primary task was to relocate 120,000 Japanese-Americans from the West Coast to internment camps inland. In his memoir, Eisenhower described this assignment to be the most difficult and traumatic task of my career. In 1943, Eisenhower accepted the position as president, first at his alma mater, Kansas State College (1943-1950), then at The Pennsylvania State College (1950-1956). His administration at Penn State ushered in an age of modernity and prosperity. Eisenhower successfully managed the change of the institution's name from Pennsylvania State College to Pennsylvania State University, establishing and acknowledging the research mission of the institution. He fought for increased financial support from the state and put forth new initiatives in research, particularly nuclear engineering. He also played an active role in international peacekeeping as a goodwill Ambassador to Ecuador in 1953, and he advocated the research and implementation of peaceful nuclear energy after the advent of the atomic bomb. Eisenhower was known to be an approachable and accessible university president and official.In 1956, Eisenhower left Penn State to become president of Johns Hopkins University, where he served until 1969, and again for a brief stint in 1971. He helped Johns Hopkins become one of the country's elite institutions, and while he served as president of the university he also acted as a negotiator to Fidel Castro during the Bay of Pigs Invasion in 1961. In 1968, Eisenhower spearheaded Lyndon Johnson's National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence. Eisenhower was married to Helen Elsie Eakin in 1927; the Helen Eakin Eisenhower Chapel on the University Park campus is named after her. Their children were Ruth and Milton Eisenhower Jr. Milton Eisenhower died in 1985 at the age of 85.

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Collection Overview

This collection documents Milton Stover Eisenhower's tenure as president of The Pennsylvania State College (later Pennsylvania State University) as well as some of his activities as a presidential advisor and ambassador. Included in the collection are newspaper and magazine articles about Eisenhower's accomplishments and activities (1943-1985), various university addresses and press releases (1950-1981), personal correspondences and invitations (1950-1971), awards and recognitions (1950-1979), and a scrapbook of Pennsylvania newspaper clippings covering his 1950 inauguration at Penn State. A second scrapbook dates from 1955 and consists of newspaper clippings documenting his presentations on behalf of his Atoms for Peace initiative, calling for peaceful uses of nuclear energy. There are also papers detailing his trip to Ecuador as a goodwill ambassador for the United States in 1953. The collection contains three reels of microfilm which include various addresses, publications, recognitions, and statements made and received by Eisenhower pertaining to Pennsylvania State University, Latin-America, world peace, changing goals in higher education, and American agricultural, political, and economic affairs (1950-1958). Originals for these microfilm reels are available at the Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, located in Abilene, Kansas.

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Copyright Notice

Copyright is retained by the creators of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Milton S. Eisenhower Papers, PSUA 265, Special Collections Library, Pennsylvania State University.

Processing Information

Processed by Special Collections staff.

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Scrapbooks
  • Microforms

Personal Name(s)

  • Eisenhower, Milton Stover

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Collection Inventory

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