Vladimir Nabokov, A Bibliography of Criticism
by Dieter E. Zimmer
with additions by Jeff Edmunds


Pale Fire

Abraham, Lyndy: "Nabokov's Alchemical Pale Fire." Dutch Quarterly Review of Anglo-American Letters, 20 (2), pp. 102-119

Ackerley, Chris: "Pale Fire: Three Notes towards a Thetic Solution". Nabokov Studies (Los Angeles, CA), 2, 1995, pp. 87-103

Alter, Robert: "Autobiography as Alchemy in Pale Fire". Cycnos (Nice), 10 (1), 1993, pp. 135-141

Barabtarlo, Gennady. "Vanessa Atalanta and Raisa Orlova." The Nabokovian, Fall 1984, 13, pp. 27-31.

Barabtarlo, Gennady. "A Mound Found in Theobald." The Nabokovian, Spring 1987, 18, pp. 58-59.

Bell-Villada, Gene H. Art for Art's Sake & Literary Life: How Politics and Markets Helped Shape the Ideology & Culture of Aestheticism, 1790-1990. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1996. (Argues that Nabokov's American career initiated a new phase of aestheticism following the New Criticism; mentions both Lolita and Pale Fire.)

Berberova, Nina: "The Mechanics of Pale Fire." TriQuarterly (Evanston, IL), 17, Winter 1970, pp. 147-159

Blanco, Maria Teresa. Une aproximacion distinta al estudio del humor: La saga/fuga de J.B. de Gonzalo Torrente Ballester y Pale Fire de Vladimir Nabokov. Indiana University, Ph.D., 1993.

Bobo, Stephanie Caroline. First-Person Third-Party Narration: Lord Jim, The Good Soldier, and Pale Fire. Ph.D., 1990.

Bontila, Ruxanda. "Pale Fire Countries. Parables of Exile in Vladimir Nabokov". (Ex)Patriation. A Collection of Essays. Eds. Adina Ciugureanu, Ludmila Martanovschi, Nicoleta Stanca. Constanta: Ovidius University Press, 2009. 39-46 (ISBN 978-973-614-474-5).

Boyd, Brian. "Pale Fire" in Vladimir Nabokov: The American Years (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991), pp. 424-456.

Boyd, Brian. Response to Maurice Couturier, Zembla, 1998.

Boyd, Brian. "Shade and Shape in Pale Fire." Nabokov Studies #4 (1997), pp. 173-224. Reprinted in Zembla, November 1998.

Boyd, Brian. Nabokov's Pale Fire: The Magic of Artistic Discovery. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1999.

Bucher, Gérard. "Au sujet de Nabokov: Feu pâle: Une poétique de l'immortalité." Poandsie [Paris] 45 (1988), pp. 65-89.

Chenoweth, Michael. "Green Eggs and Ham." The Nabokovian, Spring 1992, 28, pp. 56-57.

Chenoweth, Michael. "Query: The Color of Sneezes in Pale Fire." The Nabokovian, Spring 1992, 28, p. 57.

Clark, Beverly Lyon. "Kinbote's Variants in Nabokov's Pale Fire." Notes on Modern American Literature 5, no. 3 (1981): item 18.

Cohen, David. "My Potential Patients: Origins, Detection, and Transference in Pale Fire and Freud's Case of the Wolf-Man." Zembla, 7/19/05.

Corn, Peggy Ward. "'Combinational Delight': The Uses of Story within a Story in Pale Fire." Journal of Narrative Technique (Ypsilanti, MI), Winter 1987, 17:1, pp. 83- 90.

Couturier, Maurice. "Nabokov's Pale Fire, or The Purloined Poem," Revue Française d'Etudes Américaines, no. 1 (April 1976).

Couturier, Maurice. "Bibliographie de Feu pâle," L'Information littéraire, no. 4 (1987), p. 187.

Couturier, Maurice. "'Which is to be master' in Pale Fire." Zembla, April, 1998.

Cowart, David. Literary Symbiosis: The Reconfigured Text in Twentieth-Century Writing (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1993).

Crawford, Fred. D. "Nabokov's Pale Fire." Explicator 48, no. 1 (Fall 1989), pp. 55-56.

Edelstein, Marilyn: "Pale Fire: The Art of Consciousness." In: Nabokov's Fifth Arc (ed. J.E. Rivers, Charles Nicol). Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1982, pp. 213-223

Eichelberger, Carl: "Gaming in the Lexical Playfields of Nabokov's Pale Fire". In: Critical Essays on Vladimir Nabokov (ed. Phyllis A. Roth). Boston, MA: G.K. Hall, 1984, pp. 176-184

English, James F. Comic Transactions: Humor as Communication in Four Modern Novels. Ph.D., 1989. [Pale Fire compared to Joseph Conrad's The Secret Agent, Nathaniel West's Miss Lonelyhearts, and Doris Lessing's The Golden Notebook.]

English, James F. "Modernist Joke Work: Pale Fire and the Mock Transcendance of Mockery." Contemporary Literature (Madison, WI), Spring 1992, 33:1, pp. 74-90.

Feely, Maragaret Peller. "'Warp and Weft': Patterns of Artistry in Nabokov's Pale Fire; Selected Essays." In Robert A. Collins and Howard D. Pearce eds., The Scope of the Fantastic: Theory, Technique, Major Authors (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985), pp. 239-245.

Fiedler, Leslie A.: "The Persistence of Babel." The Guardian (London), November 9, 1962, p. 14

Flower, Timothy Frank. Forms of Re-creation in Nabokov's Pale fire ; Charles Dickens and Gothic Fiction ; Making It New: Problems of Meaningful Form in the Sonnets of Sidney and Keats. Ph.D. thesis, Rutgers University, 1972.

Foster, John Burt, Jr. "Not T. S. Eliot, but Proust: Revisionary Modernism in Nabokov's Pale Fire." Comparative Literature Studies (University Park, PA), 1991, 28:1, pp. 51- 67.

Frazier, Kevin. "A Note on Pale Fire and Khodasevich's 'Ballada.'" Zembla, 14 July 2000.

Friedman, Jerry. "A Pale Fire Timeline." Zembla, 5/15/07.

Galati, Frank Joseph: A Study of Mirror Analogues in Vladimir Nabokov's Pale Fire. Northwestern University, Ph.D. 1971

Galef, David: "The Self-Annihilating Artists of Pale Fire." Twentieth Century Literature (Hempstead, NY), 31, 1985, pp. 421-437

Gibson, Jennifer Ann. Artifical Perplexities: The Paradign of Gothic Fiction and Its Postmodern Survival in the Wok of Nabokov, Pynchon, and Beckett. University of Wisconsin, Madison, Ph.D., 1991.

Haegert, John. "The Author as Reader as Nabokov: Text and Pretext in Pale Fire," Texas Studies in Literature and Language (Austin), Winter 1984, Tome 26, No. 4., pp. 405- 424.

Hennard, Martine. "Playing a Game of Worlds in Nabokov's Pale Fire." MFS: Modern Fiction Studies (Baltimore, MD), Summer 1994, 40:2, pp. 299-317.

Hornick, Neil, and Brian Boyd. An exchange on Pale Fire and The Prisoner of Zenda, Zembla, 13 May 2005

Hoyem, Andrew. On Nabokov's Poem "Pale Fire." [San Francisco]: Arion Press, 1997 (Limited edition of 200 copies.).

Jackson, Paul R. "Pale Fire and Sherlock Holmes." Studies in American Fiction (Boston, MA), Spring 1982, 10:1, pp. 101-105.

Jackson, Paul R. "Pale Fire and Faulkner." Notes on Contemporary Literature (Carrollton, GA), May 1982, 12:3, pp. 11-12.

Jackson, Paul R. "Pale Fire's Counterfeit Kings." Notes on Contemporary Literature (Carrollton, GA), March 1984, 14:2, pp. 5-7.

Jackson, Paul R. "Pale Fire and Poe's Past." The Nabokovian, Fall 1988, 21, pp. 32-33. [On Poe's "To One in Paradise."]

Jackson, Paul R. "Pale Fire's Simplon Pass." Notes on Contemporary Literature (Carrollton, GA), Jan. 1989, 19:1, pp. 2-4.

Johnson, D[onald] Barton: "The Index of Refraction in Nabokov's Pale Fire". Russian Literature TriQuarterly (Ann Arbor, MI), 16, 1979, pp. 33-49

Johnson, D. Barton. "Word Golf and Lewis Carroll's Doublets." The Nabokovian, Spring 1985, 14, pp. 16-20.

Kaplan, Joshua R. "A Delineation of Botkin's Role in Pale Fire, & His Fate Beyond." Zembla, 7/18/03.

Kermode, Frank: "Zemblances". New Statesman (London), 9 November 1962, pp. 671-672

Kernan, Alvin B.: "The Audience Disappears in Nabokov's Pale Fire". In: Modern Critical Views: Vladimir Nabokov (ed. Harold Bloom). New York: Chelsea House, 1987, pp. 101-126

Knapp, Shoshana. "Hazel Ablaze: Literary License in Nabokov's Pale Fire." Essays in Literature (Macomb, IL), Spring 1987, 14:1, pp. 105-115.

Krueger, John R.: "Nabokov's Zemblan: A Constructed Language of Fiction."Linguistics (s'Gravenhage), 32, May 1967, pp. 44-49

Larches, Colin. "A Fale Misprint in Pale Fire." The Nabokovian, Spring 1988, 20, pp. 22-23.

Le Bihan, Adrien. "Vladimir Nabokov dans l'ombre de John Shade." Sigila (Paris), automne/hiver 2005 : L'ombre.

Lee, L[awrence] L.: "Vladimir Nabokov's Great Spiral of Being". Western Humanities Review (Salt Lake City, UT), 18, 1964, pp. 225-236

Lyons, John O.: "Pale Fire and the Fine Art of Annotation". In: Nabokov: The Man and His Work (ed. L.S. Dembo). Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1967, pp. 157-164

Macdonald, D. L. "Eighteenth-Century Optimism as Metafiction in Pale Fire." The Nabokovian, Spring 1985, 14, pp. 26-32.

Macdonald, Dwight: "Virtuosity Rewarded, or Dr. Kinbote's Revenge". Partisan Review (New York), Summer 1962, pp. 437-442

McCarthy, Mary: "A Bolt from the Blue". The New Republic (New York), 146, Jun 4, 1962, pp. 21-27. Also in: Encounter (London), 19, Oct 1962, pp. 71-84

McCauley-Meyers, Janie. "Sybil and Disa in Pale Fire." The Nabokovian, Fall 1989, 23, pp. 35-39.

McNeil, Malcolm R. "The Poet as Clinician." The Nabokovian, Spring 1987, 18, pp. 59-61.

Meyer, Priscilla. "Etymology and Heraldry: Nabokov's Zemblan Translations: A bot on the Nabokov Escutcheon." Texas Studies in Literature and Language (Austin, TX), Winter 1987, 29:4, pp. 432-441.

Meyer, Priscilla. "Igor, Ossian, and Kinbote: Nabokov's Nonfiction as Reference Library." Slavic Review (Stanford, CA), Spring 1988, 47:1, pp. 68-75.

Meyer, Priscilla: Find What the Sailor Has Hidden: Vladimir Nabokov's Pale Fire. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1988

Meyer, Priscilla. "Reflections of Shakespeare: Vladimir Nabokov's Pale Fire." Russian Literature Triquarterly 22 (1989), pp. 145-168.

Meyer, Priscilla, and Jeff Hoffman. "Infinite Reflections in Nabokov's Pale Fire: The Danish Connection (Hans Andersen and Isak Dinesen)," Russian Literature XLI (1997), pp. 197-222. (Includes a hitherto unpublished early filecard (1957) of VN's on the nature of the hereafter.)

Monroe, William. "The Sequestered Imagination: Nabokov versus the Materialists." Philological Quarterly (Iowa City, IA), Summer 1991, 70:3, pp. 379-394.

Monroe, William. "'Lords and Owners': Nabokov's Sequestered Imagination" in Power to Hurt: The Virtues of Alienation (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1998), pp. 155-175. Revised version of the previous entry. Full text available in Zembla.

Morris, J. "Genius and Plausibility: Suspension of Disbelief in Pale Fire," Zembla, 1/99.

Morris, Matthew Charles Evans. Parody in Pale Fire: A Re-Reading of Boswell's Life of Johnson. Ph.D. thesis, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 1996.

Nakatani, Hitomi. "Reading Reading: Vladimir Nabokov's Pale Fire." Studies in English Literature [Tokyo] [Issue no. ?, 1991], pp. 61-74.

Nassar, Joseph. "Transformations in Exile: The Multilingual Exploits of Nabokov's Pnin and Kinbote." Visible Language 27, no. 1- 2 (1993), pp. 253-272.

Naumann, Marina Turkevich. "Noevl Cat Connections." The Nabokovian, Spring 1989, 22, pp. 18-20.

O'Donnell, Patrick. "Watermark: Writing the Self in Nabokov's Pale Fire." Arizona Quarterly 39, no. 4 (Winter 1983), pp. 381-405.

O'Donnell, Patrick. Passionate Doubts: Designs of Interpretation in Contemporary American Fiction (Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1986).

Overmeer, Roelof. "Pale Fire: The Reader's First Move." Etudes de Lettres (Lausanne-Dorigny, Switzerland), 1983, 1, pp. 73-78.

Park, Byung Joo. "[A Study of Narrative Structure in Postmodern Novels]." Journal of English Language and Literature (English Language and Literature Association of Korea, Chungbuk Branch), May 1989, 30, pp. 21-46. [In Korean; Pale Fire compared to Garcia Marquez' One Hundred Years of Solitude.]

Pellerdi, Marta: "The Role of Biography and Literary Allusions in
Vladimir Nabokov's Pale Fire." Hungarian Journal of English
and American Studies
, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1996, pp. 103-116.

Peterson, Ronald E. "Zemblan: Nabokov's Phony Scandinavian Language." Vladimir Nabokov Research Newsletter, Spring 1984, 12, pp. 29-37.

Pier, John: "Between Text and Paratext: Vladimir Nabokov's Pale Fire". Style, 26 (1), 1992, pp. 12-32

Pilon, Kevin: "A Chronology of Pale Fire". Russian Literature TriQuarterly (Ann Arbor, MI), 3, 1972, pp. 370-377. Also in: A Book of Things about Vladimir Nabokov (ed. Carl Proffer). Ann Arbor, MI: Ardis, 1974, pp. 218-224

Renaker, David. "Kinbote on Prescott." The Nabokovian, Spring 1992, 28, pp. 47- 51.

Roberts, Constance Janene. An Application of Erving Goffman's Frame Analysis to Literature and Performance: A Study of Vladimir Nabokov's Pale Fire. Ph.D., 1987.

Rorty, Richard. "The Barber of Kasbeam: Nabokov on Cruelty." In Lopate, Phillip (introd.), The Ordering Mirror: Readers and Contexts (New York: Fordham University Press, 1993), pp. 198- 220.

Schuman, Sam. "Another 'Nova Zembla'." The Vladimir Nabokov Research Newsletter, Spring 1981, 6, pp. 30-31.

Schuman, Sam. "Nabokov and Shakespeare's Trees." Note on Contemporary Literature (Carrollton, GA), May 1988, 18:3, pp. 8-10.

Schuman, Sam. "'Comment dit-on 'mourir' en anglaise?": Translating Shakespeare in Nabokov's Pale Fire." In English Literature and the Other Languages. Ed. Ton Hoenselaars & Marius Buning, with an Afterword by N.F. Blake (Amsterdam ; Atlanta, Ga.: Rodopi, 1999). DQR Studies in Literature 24, pp. 167-74.

Schwartzmann, John. "Play, Epistemology and Change." In Alice Taylor Cheska ed., Play as Context (West Point, NY: Leisure, 1981), pp. 52-59. [On Pale Fire]

Seidel, Michael: "Pale Fire and the Art of Narrative Supplement". English Literary History ELH (Baltimore, MD), 51, 1984, pp. 837-855

Seidel, Michael: "Stereoscope: Nabokov's Ada and Pale Fire". In: Modern Critical Views: Vladimir Nabokov (ed. Harold Bloom). New York: Chelsea House, 1987, pp. 235-258

Shapiro, Gavriel. "Nova Zembla Revisited Once Again." The Nabokovian, Spring 1991, 26, pp. 49-51.

Shute, Jenefer P. "'So Nakedly Dressed': The Text of the Female Body in Nabokov's Novels." Amerikastudien/American Studies (Mainz, Germany), 1985, 30:4, pp. 537-543.

Sicker, Philip. "Pale Fire and Lyrical Ballads: The Dynamics of Collaboration." Papers on Language and Literature (Edwardsville, IL), Summer 1992, 28:3, pp. 305- 318.

Smith, Herbert F. "The Topology of Pale Fire: An Analysis Based on Catastrophe Theory." In Jurak, Mirko (ed.), Cross-Cultural Studies: American, Canadian and European Literatures:1945-1985 (Ljubljana: English Department, Filozofska Fakulteta, 1988), pp. 183- 192.

Socher, Abraham P. "Shades of Frost: A Hidden Source for Nabokov's Pale Fire." Zembla, 7/21/05.

Spariosu, Mihai. "Allegory, Power, and the Postmodern Game of Interpretation: Nabokov, Lowry, Orwell." In The Wreath of Wild Olive: Play, Liminality, and the Study of Literature. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1997. (This chapter discusses Pale Fire, offering a "ludic-irenic" interpretation of the book.)

Sprowles, Alden: "Preliminary Annotation to Charles Kinbote's Commentary on Pale Fire". In: A Book of Things about Vladimir Nabokov (ed. Carl R. Proffer). Ann Arbor, MI: Ardis, 1974, pp. 226-248

Steiner, Peter. "Zembla: A Note on Nabokov's Pale Fire." In Kenneth N. Bostrom ed., Russian Literature and American Critics: In Honor of Deming B. Brown (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1984), pp. 265-272. (Papers in Slavic Philology 4)

Stewart, Maaja A. "Nabokov's Pale Fire and Boswell's Johnson." Texas Studies in Literature and Language (Austin, TX), Summer 1988, 30:2, pp. 230- 245.

Strunk, Volker. "Infinity and Missing Links in Nabokov's Pale Fire." English Studies in Canada 7, no. 4 (Dec. 1981), pp. 456-472.

Tammi, Pekka: "Pale Fire". In: The Garland Companion to Vladimir Nabokov (ed. Vladimir E. Alexandrov), New York: Garland, 1995, pp. 571-586

Tammi, Pekka. "Ten razlichii: Blednyi ogon' i Maiatnik Fuko," Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie (Moscow), no. 17, 1996. [Compares Pale Fire and Umberto Eco's Foucault's Pendulum.] Available in English online as "Shadows of Differences: Pale Fire and Foucault’s Pendulum," Cycnos, v. 12, no. 2, Nabokov: At the Crossroads of Modernism and Postmodernism.

Torgovnik, Marianna. "Nabokov and His Successors: Pale Fire as a Fable for Critics in the Seventies and Eighties." Style (DeKalb, IL), Spring 1986, 20:1, pp. 22-41.

Toynbee, Philip: Nabokov's conundrum. The Observer Weekend Review (London), 11 November 1962

Tsai, Yuan Huang. Men of Words and Ideas: Intellectuals in the Post-World War II American Novel. Ph.D., 1981. [Compares Pale Fire to works by Robert Penn Warren, Saul Bellow, and Lionel Trilling.]

Voss, Manfred; Meyer, Priscilla (reply). "How Not to Read Zemblan." The Nabokovian, Fall 1990, 25, pp. 41-49.

de Vries, Gerard: "Fanning the Poet's Fire: Some Remarks on Nabokov's Pale Fire." Russian Literature TriQuarterly (Ann Arbor, MI), 24, 1991, pp. 239-270

de Vries, Gerard. "Pale Fire and The Life of Johnson: The Case of Hodge and Mystery Lodge." The Nabokovian, Spring 1991, 26, pp. 44-49.

de Vries, Gerard. "Nabokov's Pale Fire and the Romantic Movement (with special reference to the Brocken, Scott and Goethe)," Zembla, 2/12/08.

Walker, David. "'The Viewer and the View': Chance and Choice in Pale Fire." Studies in American Fiction 4 (1976), pp. 203-21.

Walter, Brian. "Synthesizing Artistic Delight: The Lesson of Pale Fire." Zembla, 6/1/07.

Walton, Jean. "Dissenting in an Age of Frenzied Heterosexualism: Kinbote's Transparent Closet in Nabokov's Pale Fire." College Literature, vol. 21, no. 2 (June '94), pp. 89-104.

Welsen, Peter. "Charles Kinbote's Psychosis--A Key to Vladimir Nabokov's Pale Fire." In Rancour-Laferriere, Daniel (ed.), Russian Literature and Psychoanalysis (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1989), pp. 381-400.

Wilson, R.P.: "Character-Worlds in Pale Fire". Studies in the Literary Imagination (Atlanta, GA), 23 (1), Spring 1990, pp. 77-98

Wright, Austin M. "Creative Plot: Pale Fire." In Austin M. Wright, The Formal Principle in the Novel (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982), pp. 260-287.

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