Field encoding level
Type of notation
|[blank] = No Information Provided
||0 = Non-standard
|3 = Holdings level 3 (summary)
||1 = ANSI/NISO Z39.71 or ISO 10324 (the current standard)
|4 = Holdings level 4
||2 = ANSI Z39.42 (the 1980 superceded standard)
|5 = Holdings level 5 (full detail)
Indicators in bold are the only ones used at Penn State.
|8x = Linking number(since we rely on textual summary holdings, we will always use |80)
|a=Captions and Enumeration/Chronology
Most of the data from the old LIAS system migrated without punctuation and for a while, we were recordings holdings according to that precedent. However, we have agreed to the following forms of punctuation in holdings statements which are easier to read and closer to the standard.
Use colons to separate levels of enumeration.
Use parentheses around ending dates.
Use a comma and space to indicate gaps in holdings.
Use a semicolon and space to indicate non-gap breaks in holdings.
Use a forward slash for both consecutive dates (1991/92) and ranges of dates within the same volume (2001/2004).
866 #0 |80|av.3:no.4(1998)-v.8:no.1(2003)
866 #0 |80|aBd.1(1963)-To Date
866 #0 |80|a1992/93-2004/05
866 #0 |80|a1st.ed.(1988)-5th.ed.(1992), 7th.ed.(1994)-To Date
866 #0 |80|av.1(1901)-v.32(1932); n.s.v.1(1933)-To Date
866 #0 |80|a1981:v.1, 1982-1994, 1995:v.2
866 #0 |80|aLatest Edition only
866 #0 |80|aLatest 2 Years only
866 #0 |80|aCurrent Issues only
866 #0 |80|aCurrent 6 Months only
866 #0 |80|a1996-2005.|zLatest in Arts & Humanities Reference
*Note that Limited Retention information goes in the |a, while the "Latest in" note goes in |z.