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Bear Meadows and Seven Mountains


Seven Mountains

What are the names of the seven mountains for which the Seven Mountains region is named?

This is a surprisingly difficult question to answer only because the answers differ so much. The Seven Mountains region is fairly well understood but the names of the features in the region have changed a great deal over time. Even today, there is some disagreement about the names of some of the features. Some old sources (ca.1916) describe the Seven Mountains as comprising Path Valley, Short, Bald, Think Head, Sand, Shade and Tussey Mountain. Another source ca. 1858 simply lists them as First, Second, Third, etc. Many sources state that the seven mountains are those that are adjacent to the road from Potters Mills to Milroy, currently Rt. 322. Depending on which mountains that one counts as being adjacent, you can get up to ten mountains. In another source, the seven mountains were depicted as being the seven heights along First Mountain.

Here are some of the variations about which are the seven mountains:

1900 map: Little, Long, Bald, Treaster, Thick Head, and Tussey
1920 map: First, Treaster/Kohler, Bald, Long, Spruce, Little, Stone
1921 map: First, Treaster/Kohler, Bald, Spruce, Little, Front

If you follow Rt.322, the names of the features that you pass on the west side of the road, traveling north to south are:

First Mountain,
Triester Mountain {Kohler Mtn., on the east side of the road} {in a line with Second Mountain}
Sand Mountain
Bald Mountain
Broad Mountain {Long Mountain to the east}
Spruce Mountain {Front Mountain to the east}
Little Mountain

The Seven Mountains region appears on the following topographic quadrangles:

Centre Hall 15-minute
Lewistown 15-minute
Barrville 7.5-minute
Burnham &.5 minute
Spring Mills 7.5-minute


Other Resources:


Bear Meadows

The Bear Meadows Natural Area appears on the following topographic maps:

McAlevy's Fort 7.5-minute
Allensville 15-minute
According to the 1883 Geologic Map of Centre County, this area was called "Bare Meadows."

Other resources:

  • Geology of a portion of the Allensville Quadrangle, Centre and Huntingdon Counties, Pennsylvania. Flueckinger, Linda A.
  • Progress report 176 (Pennsylvania Geological Survey), 1969
  • The nitrogen cycle of Bear Meadows Bog, Rothrock State Forest, Pennsylvania / by Higbee, Robert G.  2000 Penn State bachelors thesis
  • A study of some plant communities of the Bear Meadows Basin, Centre County, Pennsylvania / by Potter, Frank Walter.  1970 Penn State master's thesis
  • "Bear Meadows Bog"  Town and Gown v.1 (August 1966) p.2-4.
  • Late-glacial and post-glacial vegetational history in the north central appalachian region, by Ronald Stingelin. 1965.