1681

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Weather diary

See   description under 1666.

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On religion   (1681 April 3)

Location:   Bodleian Library, MS. Locke f. 5, pp. 33-38.

Description:   An uncaptioned entry in Locke’s journal, dated 3 April 1681. Wootton gives it the title “Inspiration” and Goldie, “Religion”.

The entry was written while Locke was staying with James Tyrrell at Oakley, Bucks.

Publications:

  1. The life of John Locke : with extracts from his correspondence, journals and common-place books / by Lord King. – London : H. Colburn, 1829. – pp. 123-125; London : H. Colburn and R. Bentley, 1830. – vol. 1:230-234.
  2. The life of John Locke / by H.R. Fox Bourne. – London : H.S. King ; New York : Harper, 1876. – vol. 1:462-464 [with incorrect date]
  3. An early draft of Locke’s Essay : together with excerpts from his journals / edited by R.I. Aaron and Jocelyn Gibb. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1936. – pp. 114-116. [Locke #932]
  4. Political writings / John Locke ; edited and with an introduction by David Wootton. – London ; New York : Penguin Books, 1993. – pp. 238-240. [Locke #867+]
  5. Political essays / Locke ; edited by Mark Goldie. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997. – pp. 278-280. [Locke #867+]

Discussions:   Goldie, publication #5 above, p. 278.

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On reason, passion, superstition   (1681 May 16)

Location:   Bodleian Library, MS. Locke f. 5, p. 59.

Description:   An uncaptioned entry in Locke’s journal, dated 16 May 1681, and initialed by Locke at the end. The title is based on the first sentence: “The three great things that govern mankind are reason, passion, and superstition.”

Publications:

  1. The life of John Locke : with extracts from his correspondence, journals and common-place books / by Lord King. – London : H. Colburn, 1829. – p. 119; London : H. Colburn and R. Bentley, 1830. – vol. 1:223-224.
  2. Locke on war and peace / by Richard H. Cox. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1960. – p. 33.
  3. Political essays / Locke ; edited by Mark Goldie. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997. – p. 280. [Locke #867+]

Discussions:   Cox, publication #2 above, p. 33; Goldie, publication #3 above, p. 278.

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Knowledge   (1681 June 26)

Location:   Bodleian Library, MS. Locke f. 5, pp. 77-83.

Description:   An uncaptioned entry in Locke’s journal, dated 26 June 1681, beginning “There are two sorts of knowledge …” Locke’s initials appear at the end, along with a reference to the entry for 19 August 1681. The notes appear to be related to Book IV, chapter xxi of the Essay. Wootton gives this entry the title “Two sorts of knowledge”; Goldie calls it “Knowledge B”, to distinguish it from the entry dated 1 September 1676.

Publications:

  1. The life of John Locke : with extracts from his correspondence, journals and common-place books / by Lord King. – London : H. Colburn, 1829. – pp. 120-122 in the 1864 ed.
  2. An early draft of Locke’s Essay : together with excerpts from his journals / edited by R.I. Aaron and Jocelyn Gibb. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1936. – pp. 116-118. [Locke #932]
  3. Political writings / John Locke ; edited and with an introduction by David Wootton. – London ; New York : Penguin Books, 1993. – pp. 259-261. [Locke #867+]
  4. Political essays / Locke ; edited by Mark Goldie. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997. – p. 281-282. [Locke #867+]

Discussions:   Goldie, publication #4 above, p. 281.

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On laws   (1681 June 28)

Location:   Bodleian Library, MS. Locke f. 5, pp. 86-87.

Description:   An uncaptioned entry in Locke–s journal, dated 28 June 1681, and initialed by Locke at the end. The note was based on Locke’s reading of Hooker’s Laws of ecclesiastical polity.

These notes are preceded by passages copied out of Hooker by Locke, and printed as Locke’s views by J. W. Gough, John Locke’s political philosophy (1950), p. 22.

Publications:

  1. Essays on the law of nature / John Locke ; the Latin text with a translation, introduction and notes, together with transcripts of Locke’s shorthand in his journal for 1676, edited by W. von Leyden. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1954. – p. 67-68. [Locke #944]. – Modernized spelling and punctuation.
  2. Political essays / Locke ; edited by Mark Goldie. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997. – p. 282-283. [Locke #867+]

Discussions:   Goldie, publication #2 above, p. 282.

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Selecting the grand jury   [1681 July-August?]

Location:   Public Record Office, London, PRO 30/24/47/30, ff. 32-35.

Description:   An untitled tract on the selection of juries, in Locke’s hand (apart from a few short additions). It is written on two sheets of paper, each folded to form two leaves 302 × 188 mm and 289 × 193 mm; the text is written on ff. 32r-34r; the final three pages (34v-35v) are blank.

The tract is related to the defence of the Earl of Shaftesbury, following his arrest for treason on 2 July 1681. On 24 November 1681, the charge was thrown out when the Grand Jury for Middlesex brought in a verdict of ignoramus. The tract argues questions of eligibility to serve on grand juries. See also the related paper “Some queries upon the Statute of 3. H. 8 concerning errecting the pannels of juries by justices &c.” [see next item].

Publications:

  1. “Selecting the grand jury : a tract by John Locke” / J.R. Milton, Philip Milton. // IN: Historical journal. – 40 (1997):191-193.
  2. Political essays / Locke ; edited by Mark Goldie. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997. – pp. 283-287. [Locke #867+]
  3. An essay concerning toleration and other writings on law and politics, 1667-1683 / John Locke ; edited with an introduction, critical apparatus, notes and transcription of ancillary manuscripts by J.R. Milton and Philip Milton. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, 2006. – (The Clarendon edition of the works of John Locke). – pp. 377-382.

Discussions:   Milton & Milton, publication #1 above, pp. 185-191; Goldie, publication #2 above, p. 283; Milton & Milton, Introduction to publication #3 above, pp. 118-136, 233.

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Some Queries upon ye Statute of 3. H. 8 concerning errecting ye Pannels of Juries by Justices &c.   [1681 July-August?]

Location:   Public Record Office, London, PRO 30/24/6/403, f. 1r.

Description:   A set of queries in the hand of Sylvester Brounower, on f. 1. Answers to the queries by the barrister William Thomson appear on f. 1v. The paper consists of a single sheet of paper, folded once to form two leaves, 300 × 285 mm; f. 2 is blank. The paper is headed “Some Queries upon ye Statute of 3. H. 8 Concerning errecting ye Pannels of Juries by Justices &c:” and endorsed “Mr Sergt Thompsons Opinion about Juries”. The queries are clearly related in date and subject matter to the tract “Selecting the grand jury” [see previous item].

Publications:

  1. “Selecting the grand jury : a tract by John Locke” / J.R. Milton, Philip Milton. // IN: Historical journal. – 40 (1997):193-194.
  2. An essay concerning toleration and other writings on law and politics, 1667-1683 / John Locke ; edited with an introduction, critical apparatus, notes and transcription of ancillary manuscripts by J.R. Milton and Philip Milton. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, 2006. – (The Clarendon edition of the works of John Locke). – pp. 420-422.

Discussions:   Milton & Milton, publication #1 above, pp. 185-191; Milton & Milton, Introduction to publication #2 above, pp. 131-132, 244.

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On ideas and knowledge   (1681 August 19)

Location:   Bodleian Library, MS. Locke f. 5, pp. 113-114.

Description:   An uncaptioneded entry in Locke’s journal, dated 19 August 1681. There is a reference to this entry from that dated 19 August 1681.

Publications:

  1. The life of John Locke : with extracts from his correspondence, journals and common-place books / by Lord King. – London : H. Colburn, 1829. – p. 122 in the 1864 ed.
  2. An early draft of Locke’s Essay : together with excerpts from his journals / edited by R.I. Aaron and Jocelyn Gibb. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1936. – p. 118. [Locke #932]

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Adversaria   (1681)

Location:   Adversaria 1661, pp. 290-291.

Description:   An outline of the branches of knowledge.

Publications:

  1. Literary and historical writings / John Locke ; edited by J. R. Milton, with Richard Yeo, John Spurr and others to be determined. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, in preparation. – (The Clarendon edition of the works of John Locke)

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Boyle, Observations on his Treatise 81   (1681)

Location:   Bodleian Library, MS. Locke c. 27, ff. 67-68.

Description:   Notes by Locke on an unpublished work by Robert Boyle, endorsed (f. 68v) “Boyle, Observations on his Treatise 81”. Peter Anstey (see Discussion below) argues that the treatise in question was a manuscript draft of The Christian virtuoso (eventually published in 1690/91).

The manuscript consists of a single sheet of paper, 190 × 150 mm, folded once to form 4 pages. Fol. 68 is blank, apart from the endorsement on the verso.

Publications:

  1. Theological manuscripts / John Locke ; edited by Victor Nuovo. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, to be published. – (The Clarendon edition of the works of John Locke) [Locke #961]

Discussions:   P. Anstey, The Christian virtuoso and John Locke” (1998)

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Critical notes on Stillingfleet   [c. 1681]

Location:   Bodleian Library, MS. Locke c. 34.

Description:   Critical notes in the hands of James Tyrrell, Locke, and Sylvester Brounower on Edward Stillingfleet’s The mischief of separation (1680) and The unreasonableness of separation (1681). There is no title or date. Bourne gave it the title “A defence of nonconformity”, but it is commonly referred to as “Critical notes on Stillingfleet”.

The beginning of the manuscript consists of notes by Tyrrell on the earlier work (pp. 1-6). Between pages 4 and 6 is interpolated a leaf containing draft revisions to Tyrrell’s Patriarcha non monarcha (1681) [identified by John Marshall]. Beginning on page 7, the notes on The unreasonableness of separation begin, first in Tyrrell’s hand, then (p. 29) in Locke’s, although there is further material in Tyrrell’s hand (probably dictated by Locke) and some in the hand of Sylvester Brounower (e.g., p. 49). On pp. 165-166 are two alphabetical indexes by Locke of the Mischief and the preface to the Unreasonableness.

It seems likely that Tyrrell began taking notes on Stillingfleet’s books as he acquired them (shortly after publication?); during Locke’s extensive stays at Oakley during 1681 and 1682, Locke became interested in the subject, and began notes for a reply.

Publications:

  1. [extracts] The life of John Locke : with extracts from his correspondence, journals and common-place books / by Lord King. – London : H. Colburn, 1829. – pp. 346-358; London : H. Colburn and R. Bentley, 1830. – vol. 2:230-234. – Prints pp. 86-87, 161-162, 150-154, 142-143, 155-157, 74, 92b-94 of the manuscript.
  2. [extracts] The life of John Locke / by H.R. Fox Bourne. – London : H.S. King ; New York : Harper, 1876. – vol. 1:457-460 [based on King’s text]
  3. [extract] Political essays / Locke ; edited by Mark Goldie. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997. – pp. 373-375. [Locke #867+]. – Prints pp. 101-103 of the manuscript [in Tyrrell–s hand, but written by Locke?]
  4. [extracts] Writings on religion / John Locke ; edited by Victor Nuovo. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, 2002. – pp. 73-79. [Locke 867+]
  5. John Locke, Edward Stillingfleet and toleration / Timothy Stanton. – Thesis (Ph.D.)–University of Leicester, 2003. – vol. 2 (216 leaves).
  6. A letter concerning toleration and other writings / John Locke ; edited and with an introduction by Mark Goldie. – Indianapolis : Liberty Fund, ©2010. – pp. 174-177 [Locke #67B]. – Prints ff. 75-79 of the manuscript, with the title “The origin of religious societies.”
  7. Defence of nonconformity [against Stillingfleet] / John Locke ; [editor to be determined]. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, in prospect. – (The Clarendon edition of the works of John Locke) [Locke #952B]

Discussions:   Goldie, publication #3, pp. 372-373; Nuovo, publication #4, pp. xli-xlii; Goldie, publication #6, pp. xxxviii-xxxix; Marshall, John Locke (1994), pp. 95-96, 236 n.

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Division of the sciences   [c. 1681]

Location:   Bodleian Library, MS. Locke c. 28, ff. 157-158.

Description:   A tabular outline of a classification of the sciences, in the hand of Sylvester Brounower. It is undated and untitled, but there is a similar list in Adversaria 1661 dated 1681. Goldie give it the title “Adversaria C” to distinguish it from a number of similar lists.

The manuscript consists of a single sheet of paper, 363 × 291 mm, folded once to form 4 pages, 295 × 180 mm. Each page is divided by a vertical line drawn by a pencil, giving each column a margin of 14-20 mm. The position of the words in relation to the pencil line and the size of their letters are used to structure the division of the sciences.

Publications:

  1. [English translation of part:] Political essays / Locke ; edited by Mark Goldie. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997. – p. 289. [Locke #867+] – An English translation of the sections for Polity, History, and Prudence; sections on Metaphysics, Theology, Physics, and Semiotics are not included.
  2. The Digital Locke Project / Dr. Paul Schuurman, project director. – Amsterdam : Digital Production Centre of the University Library of the University of Amsterdam, 2006-  . – Normalized and diplomatic texts available.
  3. Drafts for the Essay concerning human understanding, and other philosophical writings. Volume 3 / John Locke ; edited by Paul Schuurman. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, forthcoming. – (The Clarendon edition of the works of John Locke)
  4. Literary and historical writings / John Locke ; edited by J. R. Milton, with Richard Yeo, John Spurr and others to be determined. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, in preparation. – (The Clarendon edition of the works of John Locke)

Discussions:   Goldie, publication #1 above, p. 288; Schuurman, Digital Locke project, text descriptions [viewed 2008/07/25]

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Virtus   [1681 or later]

Location:   Adversaria 1661, pp. 10-11.

Description:   An entry in the hand of Sylvester Brounower, initialed “JL”. It is undated, but follows an entry in the same hand dated 1681. Goldie give it the title “Virtue B” to distinguish it from “Vertue” (1678).

Publications:

  1. The life of John Locke : with extracts from his correspondence, journals and common-place books / by Lord King. – London : H. Colburn, 1829. – pp. 292-293; London : H. Colburn and R. Bentley, 1830. – vol. 2:94-96.
  2. The life of John Locke / by H.R. Fox Bourne. – London : H.S. King ; New York : Harper, 1876. – vol. 1:162-164.
  3. Political writings / John Locke ; edited and with an introduction by David Wootton. – London ; New York : Penguin Books, 1993. – pp. 240-242. [Locke #867+]
  4. Political essays / Locke ; edited by Mark Goldie. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997. – pp. 287-288. [Locke #867+]
  5. An essay concerning toleration and other writings on law and politics, 1667-1683 / John Locke ; edited with an introduction, critical apparatus, notes and transcription of ancillary manuscripts by J.R. Milton and Philip Milton. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, 2006. – (The Clarendon edition of the works of John Locke). – pp. 390-391.

Discussions:   Goldie, publication #4 above, p. 287; Milton, “The dating of ‘Adversaria 1661’,” p. 116; Harris, The mind of John Locke (1994), pp. 265, 381; Marshall, John Locke (1994), p. 199; Milton & Milton, Introduction to publication #5 above, pp. 137-140, 235.

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Epilepsia   (1681)

Location:   Bodleian Library, MS. Locke c. 42A, p. 46.

Description:   A note in Locke’s hand, with the heading “Epilepsia”, dated “81”, and initialed by Locke.

Publications:   None

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Lassitudo   (1681)

Location:   Bodleian Library, MS. Locke c. 42A, p. 241.

Description:   A note in Locke’s hand, with the heading “Lassitudo”, dated “81”; not initialed, but arguably written by Locke.

Publications:   None

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Topica   (1681)

Location:   Bodleian Library, MS. Locke c. 42A, p. 251.

Description:   A note in Locke’s hand, with the heading “Topica”, dated “81”, and initialed by Locke.

Publications:   None

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Hypochondrij sinistri dolor   (1681)

Location:   Bodleian Library, MS. Locke d. 9, p. 268.

Description:   A note in Locke’s hand, with the marginal caption “Hypochondrij sinistri dolor”. It is dated 1681, and intialed by Locke.

Publications:   None

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